Type 1, 2 diabetes
Living Healthy with Type 1, 2 diabetes
Millions of persons have diabetes, and some people do not even know it.. diabetes is not to be taken lightly for it has serious personal side effects. Diabetes is influenced by genes, food we eat, exercise as well.
Since the discovery of insulin in 1921, managing diabetes has become more effective than ever. Today, with care, most diabetics can lead productive lives.
Normally, your body changes sugars and starch into glucose (a simple sugar), which serves as fuel. When diabetes develops, the amount of glucose in the blood may become dangerously high because insulin (the substance that controls glucose levels) is in short supply. Diabetics either don't produce enough insulin or their bodies don't respond to the insulin as they should; that's why they have to take insulin by injection or another medication by mouth to help the body secrete more of its own insulin.
To help you recognize the warning signs of diabetes, the American Diabetes Association uses the acronyms DIABETES and CAUTION.
A family history of diabetes
B lurred vision
E xcessive weight
T ingling, numbness, or pain in extremities
E asy fatigue
S kin infection, slow healing of cuts and scratches, especially on the feet
Other signs are:
C onstant urination
A bnormal thirst
U nusual hunger
T he rapid loss of weight
O bvious weakness and fatigue
N ausea and vomiting
The important explanation of one being diabetic is the reality that either the body doesn't produce enough insulin or else it can't employ the actual insulin in an appropriate way. The transformation of glucose into strength in the body is performed through insulin. The key conditions that can result in diabetes are short of activity, fatness, aging, improper diet and, most importantly, heredity. Weariness is the trait of diabetes for the reason that the body doesn't attain required energy. Eyes is impaired, urination is repeated and need for water gets Unquenchable resulting from it. You are receptive to persistent contagion for example urinary tract diseases, colds and influenza if you are diabetic. Diabetes has further hint moreover like prickling or burning sensitiveness in the hands together with foot. Majority of the time diabetes goes overlooked for these traits look simple. At the time you observe any of the above declared indications get your glucose amount measured. The everlastingness of this health problem demands you perform this way. To correct diabetes you as well have to make use of perfect diet table and lifestyle changes to make your glucose levels under regulation.
You don't necessarily have to experience all of these warning signs to be diabetic; only one or two may be present. Some people show no warning signs whatsoever and find out they're diabetic after a routine blood test. So if you have a family history of diabetes, you should be especially watchful of the signs and symptoms mentioned before. If you notice any of those signs report them to your doctor. Being overweight increases your risk significantly. A diet high in sugar and low in fiber may increase your risk as well. Pregnancy can trigger diabetes in some women.
There are two forms of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is more severe and usually shows up before the age of 40. Insulin injections as well as dietary control and excercise are essential.
Type 2 diabetes is less severe and affects people who are older and overweight. This type is most often treated with diet and exercise and sometimes oral medicine. Occasional insulin injections may be required as well.
Like a hurricane with its heavy rains, hail, lightening and high winds is preceded by"calm before the storm," type 2 diabetes is preceded by a condition known as pre-diabetes. With no usual symptoms and very little hint of what a type 2 diagnosis may mean, many fail to take heed and ignore important warning signs of diabetes. "By the time a patient actually is diagnosed as having diabetes, so much damage can be already done," The people with pre-diabetes can prevent the development of type 2 diabetes by up to 58 percent through modest lifestyle changes. Those changes, according to the experts, include recommendations to reduce weight by five to 10 percent and perform modest physical activity 30 minutes daily. In a very real sense,
"The individuals with pre-diabetes have a one and one-half fold increased risk of cardiovascular disease as compared to people with normal blood glucose and that individuals with diabetes have a two to four-fold increased cardiovascular risk. Some 60 to 65 percent of those with type 2 diabetes succumb to cardiovascular disease. "
Pre-diabetes is a serious metabolic condition that can reek havoc and do major damage long before the blood sugar (glucose) is elevated enough to diagnose overt type 2 diabetes. Thus many persons already have complications involving their heart, brain and extremity arteries----even before they know officially that they have diabetes.
Pre-diabetes is a term used to distinguish those at increased risk for developing diabetes. Those with pre-diabetes have impaired fasting glucose (IFG) levels between 100 and 125 mg/dL and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) between 140 and 199 milligrams per deciliter or mg/dL. Progression to diabetes is not inevitable, as studies show minor lifestyle changes in diet and exercise can prevent or delay diabetes and may return blood glucose levels to normal.
Diabetes and Cardiovascular (Heart) Disease
Who Should Be Screened For Pre-Diabetes?
Screening recommendations encourage physicians to screen all adults over age 45 and adults younger than 45 if they are significantly overweight and have at least one or more of the following risk factors:
Family history of diabetes;
Low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides;
High blood pressure;
History of gestational diabetes or having given birth to a baby weighing more than nine pounds; and
Belonging to a minority group‹African American, Hispanic, Asian American or Pacific Islander.
ADA officials say pre-diabetes screening is not yet recommended for children since they don't have enough evidence that type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed in children at high risk for the disease.
For additional information on pre-diabetes, contact the American Diabetes Association toll-free at 1-800-342-2383.
Diabetes is a “silent killer” and in the early stages of the disease, patients often have no symptoms. Four of five people with diabetes will die of heart attack or stroke. "Let’s bring diabetes out of the shadow! Let’s all fight diabetes." With millions of people suffering from diabetes without enough care nationwide, medical experts have sounded a call of awareness to the public on how to prevent the disease they dubbed as "the silent killer." "We should be alarmed about the worsening problem of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes. It is a silent epidemic that unjustly affects the poor," Do ask your doctor to give you a simple blood test for pre-diabetes Pre-diabetes means you have blood glucose levels that are higher than normal and you could one day reach a high enough level that you would be diagnosed with having diabetes. Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's ability to produce or respond properly to insulin and must be managed on a daily basis once diagnosed. If not, diabetes can lead to several health complications including death. If you have pre-diabetes, there’s a 75% probability that you will develop diabetes. Now there are two kinds of blood tests you can request, “The first is a fasting plasma glucose test, in which your glucose levels measured when you have not been eating. The other is an oral glucose tolerance test which introduces glucose into your system, challenging your beta cells to make insulin by testing your body’s acute insulin response to glucose.” If your blood glucose level, two hours after receiving oral glucose, is over 200 milligrams per deciliter, you are considered to be diabetic. Anything between 141-199 is considered to be pre-diabetic. If you have pre-diabetes, it doesn’t necessarily mean you’re going to develop diabetes - if you take the proper steps now to avoid getting the fifth deadliest disease in America.
About 80 per cent of diabetics die of a heart attack.
If you have diabetes, you can be almost 15 years closer to a heart attack or stroke than a person who does not have the disease.
Medical professionals are seeing these very serious health problems crop up earlier and earlier in people's lives.
Diabetes (medically known as diabetes mellitus) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia or high blood glucose concentration. While there is no cure for diabetes, proper actions can be taken to control glucose or sugar levels and prevent complications including diabetic retinopathy, which leads to total blindness; diabetic neuropathy, a decreased in sensation; diabetic nephropathy, damage to kidney leading to renal failure; heart diseases and stroke.
"And diabetes claims as many lives each year as the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, popularly known as AIDS, which is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. "It is just sad that people give more importance to AIDS since it is a new disease even while other diseases are just as fatal," he said. Willing said that more than 200 million people worldwide were diagnosed to have diabetes. "The message is very simple. To prevent it, one must have a healthy weight and a healthy diet. Don't smoke and exercise regularly." The good news is, once diabetes is identified, it can be managed. "Even pre-diabetic people, over 60, can prevent full-blown diabetes if they become proactive and change their eating habits and exercise regularly," It costs about 150 dollars per month to treat diabetes. "It is important to remember that managing diabetes goes beyond controlling blood sugar levels. Monitoring blood pressure and cholesterol is critical to reducing mortality."
The People with diabetes must closely manage their blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels, or face a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease, say three leading health organizations. Research has shown that two out of three people with diabetes die from a heart attack or stroke, making cardiovascular disease the number one killer of people with diabetes. In particular, tight control of blood glucose can significantly reduce the likelihood of a heart attack or stroke in people with diabetes, and fewer than 50 percent of Americans with diabetes are reaching the level of glucose control recommended. "Controlling blood glucose, along with blood pressure and cholesterol, can help save not only a person's heart, eyesight and limbs, but a person's life. In fact, it is estimated that approximately 73 percent of adults with diabetes have high blood pressure and most have cholesterol levels that put them at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. To help manage blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol: make wise food choices, engage in daily physical activity and take prescribed medications. People with diabetes should also avoid smoking and consult their health providers about taking aspirin. Fifty-four million Americans - that’s one in six -- have pre-diabetes and most don’t even realize it.
More than two million people in Canada have diabetes and their ranks are expected to swell as the population ages.
"Many Canadian, seniors with diabetes are not getting the medications they need to control high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, according to a study spearheaded by Dr. Baiju Shah. and many seniors don't even know they are pre-diabetic — they think they are tired or just not well. (Pre-diabetic is when blood sugar levels are elevated but not high enough for the person to be considered diabetic.) A high cholesterol and high blood pressure are risk factors for both diabetes and heart disease.There is a great deal of evidence that hypertension (high blood pressure) control has the greatest benefit for diabetes patients, according to the study. "Everyone fusses about blood sugar, but the emphasis is changing now that we recognize the number-one killer of people with diabetes is heart disease," The finding is important because heart disease and strokes account for most deaths among diabetics. While examining blood tests from people over 65, researchers noted a high incidence of diabetes — much of it undiagnosed and untreated, according to Shah, a scientist at the Institute for Clinical Evaluation Sciences, an independent Toronto research facility."There are a couple of important messages here in relation to diabetes," Shah says. "This disease is a common condition in people over 65 and, by age 75, one in four have it."The study also revealed that the specialists prescribed the needed medications more often than family doctors."
The Diabetes in Canada Evaluation (DICE) study, which included 243 family doctors who completed records for 2,473 patients with Type 2 diabetes, found that most patients have serious health problems associated with their diabetes: conditions such as heart disease, stroke, kidney and eye disease. In the DICE study, patients had cardiovascular risk factors such as high blood pressure (more than 60 per cent) and high cholesterol (almost 60 per cent). Nearly 30 per cent had already had one or more microvascular complications such as kidney disease, nerve damage or eye disease. One of the findings of the DICE study was that family physicians need to be more aggressive in implementing appropriate treatment for certain patients.
Do also Write to news editors, provincial and federal legislative members and rightfully demand better medical care and services here for all Canadians now.
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes and just aren’t sure of what you should and should not be eating, it’s time you found out!
Get your doctor’s recommendation of a diabetes educator or dietician specializing in diabetes who you can go to see. Many hospitals hold classes to help diabetics make the right food choices since that is so critical to the management of diabetes. While these classes may be intended for those newly diagnosed with diabetes, they will provide useful information for all diabetics.
Taking good care of your health will play a vital role in reducing the complications of diabetes.
Eating the proper foods, maintaining your weight, maintaining an exercise program and monitoring your blood glucose can control diabetes. You must also remember to check your feet daily and make sure to have a dilated eye exam annually.
About Your Eyes
Diabetes can lead to eye problems including blindness but the chances can be reduced by having an annual eye exam in which the pupils are dilated. This dilated eye exam can find any problems early, so that you can get needed treatment immediately. Even if your vision is fine or you see well, you should still have an dilated eye exam annually. Diabetes can lead to a disease called diabetic retinopathy, which damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina. Diabetes can also heighten your risks of developing cataracts (the lens of the eye becomes cloudy) or glaucoma (pressure builds up inside the eye). Don’t take your eyesight for granted, get your dilated eye exam now!
About Your Feet
Diabetes can cause damage to you feet. In order to protect yourself, make sure that when you visit your physician or health care provider, you take your shoes and socks off so that your feet can be checked. Remember, you must keep your feet in good shape. Here are some helpful tips:
- Check you feet everyday for sores, bruises or color changes
- Wash feet every day in warm water and pat dry
- Do not put oil or lotion between your toes
- Trim your toenails carefully
- Wear socks and comfortable shoes that protect and do not squeeze your feet (avoid shoes that go between your toes)
- Never go barefoot, even at home
- **Keep your blood sugar under control
- **Do not smoke
Exercise or physical activity is a very important part of reducing diabetes complications. A little activity each day can help you live longer, healthier and happier. You can do simple activities that cost nothing and count towards a healthier life. Try to be consistent with the activity you chose. Some simple activities include:
- Walking at a brisk pace
- Raking or working in the garden
- Dance to a fast beat
- Riding a bicycle
- Cleaning your home
Take the Test. Know the Score
Million of people do have diabetes - and nearly one-third of them do not even know it! Take this test to see if you are at risk for having diabetes. Diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, American Indians, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders. If you are a member of one of these ethnic groups, you need to pay special attention to this test.
To find out if you are at risk, write in the points next to each statement that is true for you. If a statement is not true, write a zero. Add your total score.
1. My weight is equal to or above that listed in the chart. YES 5 _____ 2. I am under 65 years of age and I get little or no exercise during a usual day. YES 5 _____ 3. I am between 45 and 64 years of age. YES 5 _____ 4. I am 65 years old or older. YES 9 _____ 5. I am a woman who has had a baby weighing more than nine pounds at birth. YES 1 _____ 6. I have a sister or a brother with diabetes. YES 1 _____ 7. I have a parent with diabetes. YES 1 _____
TOTAL _____ You are probably at low risk for having diabetes now. But don't just forget about it--especially if you are Hispanic/Latino, African American, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander. You may be at higher risk in the future. New guidelines recommend everyone age 45 and over consider being tested for the disease every three years. However, people at high risk should consider being tested at a younger age.
Scoring 10 or more points
You are at greater risk for having diabetes. Only your health care provider can determine if you have diabetes. See your health care provider soon and find out for sure.
At-risk Weight Chart
At-risk Weight Chart
If you weigh the same or more than the amount listed for your height, you may be at risk for diabetes. This chart is based on a measure called the Body Mass Index (BMI). The chart shows unhealthy weights for men and women age 35 or older at the listed heights. At-risk weights are lower for individuals under age 35.If you weigh the same or more than the amount listed for your height, you may be at risk for diabetes. This chart is based on a measure called the Body Mass Index (BMI). The chart shows unhealthy weights for men and women age 35 or older at the listed heights. At-risk weights are lower for individuals under age 35.
Blood Glucose Testing
Testing can be done using the tips of the fingers, as well as Alternate Site Testing (AST) on such places as the sides of the hands, the forearm and the leg. When in doubt or if a low is suspected always use the finger tip for most reliable results. While most people do not find a time lag when using AST, current research recommends that lows be monitored through finger testing.
Why is it important to test?
In order to properly control your diabetes, it is important to know what you blood glucose levels are. Too high or too low can lead to disastrous complications.
When to test?
This depends on if you have Type 1 Diabetes or not and how active you are. Current Canadian Diabetes Association Clinical Practice guidelines suggest 6 times per day. Many doctors suggest testing before each meal, before, after and during strenuous physical activity, and before bed. It may also be preferable to test at least once throughout the night to ensure that nighttime basal insulins are working properly. Please consult with your diabetes team to see how often you should test your blood glucose levels.
But what does "blood glucose testing" mean?
Glucose is a type of sugar. The body forms glucose when it breaks down the food we eat into a useable form of energy. Glucose is the body's main source of energy. Measuring the amount of glucose found in your blood helps to show how the body is breaking down food into energy, as well as how the liver is working.
Blood glucose testing may be Fasting--which is done after you have not eaten for 12-14 hours and is often used in a clinical setting to diagnose diabetes. It may be a 2-hour Postprandial test which is testing done 2 hours after a meal. Finally, Random testing can be done. This testing that occurs at various times throughout the day.
Please remember that the above information is simply a guideline and in no way replaces medical advise. Please speak with your doctor or diabetes care professional to determine what blood glucose levels are optimal for your care. The above guidelines are based on the Canadian Diabetes Association's 2003 Clinical Practice Guidelines.
Important information about AST
* Under certain conditions, blood glucose test results obtained using samples taken from your arm may differ significantly from fingertip samples.
* The conditions in which these differences are most likely to occur are when your blood glucose is changing rapidly such as following a meal, an insulin dose or associated with physical exercise.
* When blood glucose is changing rapidly, fingertip samples show these changes more quickly than arm samples.
* When your blood glucose is falling, testing with a fingertip sample may identify a hypoglycemic (low blood sugar) level sooner than a test with an arm sample.
* Use arm samples only for testing prior to, or more than 2 hours after, meals, insulin dosing or physical exercise.
* Testing performed within two hours after a meal, an insulin dose or physical exercise, or whenever you feel that your glucose levels may be changing rapidly, should be done from the fingertip.
* You should also use fingertip testing whenever you have a concern about hypoglycemia (insulin reactions) such as when driving a car, particularly if you suffer from hypoglycemic unawareness (lack of symptoms to indicate an insulin reaction), as arm testing may fail to detect hypoglycemia.
Please remember all changes in insulin regimens must be discussed with your Doctor first!!! Below is information to assist you in being more informed when speaking with them.
If You Have Diabetes. . .
A Flu Shot Can Be a Life Saver
The Facts Are. . .
People with diabetes are 3 times more likely to die from flu and pneumonia.
People with diabetes are 6 times more likely to be hospitalized with flu complications.
Death rate among people with diabetes can increase 5 to 15% during flu epidemics
Each year nationwide, 10,000 - 30,000 deaths among people with diabetes are associated with flu and pneumonia.
Fewer than 1/2 of the people diagnosed with diabetes receive the flu shot each year & only 1/3 report ever receiving the pneumococcal shot.
Take Control . . .
A pneumococcal shot can protect you from pneumonia and other infections caused by the same bacteria and should be taken approximately every ten years.
A yearly flu shot is safe and easy to administer, and it can be taken along with a pneumococcal shot.
Family members and those who care for people with diabetes should also receive the flu shot each year.
You can not get the flu from the flu vaccine because it does not contain a live virus.
For More Information About Diabetes and Flu Vaccine, contact:
Your Health Care Provider,
You may also wish to visit this other excellent recipe sites www.diabeticcooking.com for recipes or to subscribe to their magazine
Diabetic Dessert Recipes
According to the Diabetic Food Pyramid, diabetics should be sparing when eating fats and sweets. This makes eating desserts and maintaining blood sugar levels difficult.
Diabetic Dessert Recipe: Broiled Fruits with Vanilla Ice Cream
This diabetic dessert is a light, delicious dessert that mixes fruit and ice cream, two sweets that work great together. In order to make this diabetic dessert, you'll need the following ingredients:
2 cups fresh raspberries
1/2 cup simple syrup -- See Recipe
1 teaspoon fresh lemon juice
2 peaches -- peeled and sliced
2 plums -- sliced
2 nectarines -- sliced
2 tablespoons butter -- melted
6 scoop vanilla ice cream
STEP ONE: For Fruit Puree--
Place raspberries, simple syrup, and lemon juice in a blender and puree until smooth. Strain out all seeds and store in the refrigerator until ready to use.
STEP TWO: Assembly--
Spoon some of the puree onto plates and arrange the peach, plum, and nectarine slices in a decorative manner on the puree and lightly brush the fruits with the melted butter.
Broil until the fruits are warmed through. Place a scoop of vanilla ice cream in the center of the plate and serve immediately.
Diabetic Dessert Recipe: Raspberry Mousse
This diabetic dessert will melt in your mouth, taking the smooth texture of mousse and putting a hint of raspberry that will tantalize your taste buds with fruity sweetness. In order to make this diabetic dessert, you'll need the following ingredients:
2/3 c. Strawberry Fanciful
1/8 tsp. cream of tartar
2 egg whites
1/2 c. whipping cream
Add cream of tartar to egg whites, beat until stiff, but not dry. Fold into Strawberry Fanciful. Fold the whipped cream into the fruit mixture. Chill before serving or freeze for frozen mousse. Use any of the Fanciful flavors for variation: Strawberry, blueberry, orange pineapple, pineapple berry or peach.
Diabetic Dessert Recipe: Brownies
Diabetic brownies anyone? This diabetic dessert will give the decedent taste of chocolate brownie sweetness without sending your blood sugar levels through the roof. In order to make this diabetic dessert, you'll need the following ingredients:
2 c. graham cracker crumbs (approximately 24 crackers)
1/2 c. chopped walnuts
3 oz. semi-sweet chocolate
1 1/2 tsp. Sweet-N-Low (6 packs)
1/4 tsp. salt
1 c. skim milk
Heat oven to 350 degrees. Place all ingredients in bowl; blend well. Bake in greased 8x8x2 pan for 30 minutes. Cut in 2-inch squares while warm.
Diabetic Cake Recipe: Lo-Cal Cheese Cake
Get the great taste of cheese cake without all the fattening calories. This diabetic dessert will satisfy your cheese cake cravings without violating your diet. In order to make this diabetic dessert, you'll need the following ingredients:
12 oz. low fat Ricotta cheese
4 eggs, separated
3/4 c. Fruit Sweet
Grated peel of 1 lemon
3 graham crackers, finely crushed
12 oz. low fat cottage cheese
2/3 c. non-instant milk powder
5 tbsp. lemon juice or to taste
2 tsp. pure vanilla
Butter or oleo for pan
Put cheese in food processor with egg yolks and Fruit Sweet and blend. Add milk, powder and process until smooth. Add vanilla, lemon juice and peel to cheese mixture. Blend until smooth. Beat egg whites until frothy, then add to the food processor and blend for about 2 seconds, until mixed. Butter the bottom and 1/2 way up the sides of a 9" spring form pan. Pour the graham cracker crumbs into the pan and shake until buttered area is coated. Leave any extra on the bottom. Pour cheese cake mixture into pan and bake at 350 degrees with a pan of water in the oven to prevent drying. Bake for 45 minutes or until inserted knife emerges clean. Cool. May serve with Wax Orchards All-Fruit Fanciful preserve of your choice. Variations: All cottage or all ricotta may be used. For standard cream cheese cake, substitute 24 ounces cream cheese, 3 eggs, 1/2 cup powdered milk and 2/3 cup Fruit Sweet. Adjust lemon.
Diabetic Dessert Recipe: Fudge
Diabetic fudge, a dessert designed to curb the fudge cravings with cocoa, graham cracker goodness. In order to make this diabetic dessert, you'll need the following ingredients:
1 14 1/2 oz. evaporated milk
3 tbsp. cocoa
1/4 c. oleo
Liquid Sweetner to equal 1/2 c. sugar
1/4 tsp. salt
1 tsp. vanilla
2 1/2 c. graham cracker crumbs
1/4 c. nuts
Combine milk and cocoa in saucepan. Beat well. Add oleo, sweetner, salt. Bring to boil. Remove from heat. Stir in remaining ingredients except 1/4 cup graham crackers. Cool about 15 minutes. Divide mixture into 32 balls. Roll in remaining cracker crumbs and chill.
Diabetic Dessert Recipe: Orange Sunbeams
Not interested in chocolate? Try this diabetic dessert that brings a fresh, citrus flavor that will tickle your tart taste buds. In order to make this diabetic dessert, you'll need the following ingredients:
1 1/2 c. all-purpose flour
1 tsp. baking powder
1/4 tsp. salt
1/2 c. shortening
1/2 c. raisins
2 tbsp. orange juice
2 tsp. grated orange rind
1 1/2 tsp. Sucaryl
Sift together flour, baking powder and salt. Cut in shortening until crumbly. Add all at once: raisins, eggs, orange juice, orange rind and Sucaryl. Mix well. Make into small balls; flatten on cookie sheet. Bake 12 to 15 minutes at 375 degrees.
Diabetic Cookie Recipe: Oatmeal Cookies
Do you miss the taste and smells of your mother's oatmeal cookies? Well have that childhood treat again, just this time diabetic friendly. In order to make these diabetic cookies, you'll need the following ingredients:
1/2 c. margarine
1 tsp. sucaryl solution
1/4 c. milk
1 c. flour
1/2 tsp. baking powder
1/8 tsp. baking soda
1 tsp. cinnamon
1/2 tsp. nutmeg
1/4 tsp. salt
1 tsp. vanilla
1/2 c. raisins
1 c. rolled oats
Cream margarine until smooth. Add beaten egg, sucaryl solution, and milk. Sift and mix dry ingredients and then add to first mixture. Beat in vanilla, raisins, and rolled oats. Drop by teaspoon onto greased cookie sheet and bake. You can use 1/4 cup margarine and 1/4 cup applesauce or 1 banana instead of using the full amount of margarine.
Diabetic Pasta Recipes
According to the Diabetic Food Pyramid, diabetics should eat six to eleven servings of grains, beans and starchy vegetables per day.
Diabetic Pasta Recipes: Pasta Salad
Pasta salad is an easy, quick dish that compliments most meals. Traditionally, people use corkscrew pasta, but feel free to use any tubular pasta, such as elbows and ziti. In order to make this pasta recipe, you'll need the following ingredients:
4 fresh mushrooms, sliced
1 cucumber, sliced
Kraft reduced calorie zesty Italian
1 onion, sliced
1 tomato, diced
1 green pepper, chopped
Cook and rinse pasta in cold water. Mix with remaining ingredients and marinate in dressing. Chill and serve.
Diabetic Italian Recipes: Spaghetti
Spaghetti is a traditional Italian dish that works well with any diabetic diet. But many diabetics avoid spaghetti because most store brands have sugar added to the sauce. Here's an easy diabetic Italian recipe for making diabetic spaghetti sauce:
12 oz. tomato juice
1 lg. can mushrooms, stems and pieces
Salt to taste
Garlic to taste
Oregano to taste
Dehydrated onion flakes
1 lg. green pepper, diced
2 cans bean sprouts
Cook all ingredients in covered saucepan. Cook until sauce thickens. Add bean sprouts; simmer 10 minutes. Helpful Hint: Spaghetti tastes better warmed over the second day.
Diabetic Pasta Recipes: Lasagna
Lasagna is a nice Italian dish that will more than fill most pasta cravings. Hearty and good comfort food, lasagna is one pasta dish that will warm your heart. In order to make this pasta recipe, you'll need the following ingredients:
1 c. chopped onions
1 c. sliced mushrooms
1/2 c. diced green peppers
1 tbsp. parsley flakes
1/2 tsp. each basil, oregano, chili
5 oz. Mozzarella cheese
1 garlic clove, minced
1 c. chopped carrots
3 c. tomatoes
1/4 tsp. dried rosemary
3 oz. grated Romano cheese
1 1/3 c. cottage cheese
Saute onions, garlic, mushrooms, carrots, and peppers until soft. Add tomatoes, parsley, basil, oregano, chili powder, rosemary, and pepper. Simmer 15 minutes. Mix together the 3 cheeses. Starting with sauce, layer with 8 cooked lasagna noodles and cheese in an 8 x 12 inch casserole. Bake at 375 degrees for 30 minutes. Serves 4.
You too reap what you sow so look after your good health..
Although it is important that you get individual help with your diabetes diet plan from an expert, there are some general guidelines to follow. In fact, the tips listed here would be helpful for anyone to follow, whether or not you have diabetes.
Since no single food will supply all the nutrients your body needs, it is important to eat a variety of foods every day, including fruits and vegetables, whole grains, dairy and meats. Included in the meat “group” are fish, poultry, eggs, dried beans and nuts, since they are all good protein sources.
Some unhealthy foods to avoid or limit include foods that are high in fat, sodium or sugar. Too much salt or sodium can make high blood pressure worse. Check nutrition labels for salt amounts in packaged foods.
Although you do need some fat in your diet, too much isn’t good for anyone since it is linked to increased risk of developing heart disease. And, people with diabetes already have a greater risk to get heart disease. Stay away from “whole” fat dairy foods and salad dressings, too much red meat and desserts high in fat.
Following a varied diet from all the food groups is important to everyone for good health; it’s especially important for those with diabetes!
It is also really important that you eat 3 meals a day regularly, do not skip meals, you can snack fruit in between if you are hungry, do avoid all sugar products such as candy, cholcate bars.
Good nutrition is an important part of staying healthy. Your meals should be well balanced and low in cholesterol. Here is one example of a full day of meals based on an 1800-calorie diet.
½ Cup Apple Juice
1 ½ Cup Unsweetened Cereal
2 Tablespoons Raisins
3 Graham Cracker Squares
1 Cup Low Fat Milk
1 Cup Vegetable Soup
3 Ounces Turkey
1 Ounce Low-Fat Swiss Cheese
2 Slices Bread
1 Cup Lettuce And Tomato
1 Medium Apple
½ Cup Low Fat Milk
3 Ounces Baked Fish
1 Cup Boiled Pasta With:
½ Cup Broccoli
½ Cup Green Onions
1/3 Cup Cranberry Juice
1 Cup Cantelope Cubes
½ Cup Low Fat Milk
HINT: Choose meats that are 90% lean to reduce fat in your diet. Avoid fried foods. Instead, prepare foods by baking, roasting and boiling.
Menu courtesy of Desiree James, RN, CDE
Non Diabolic- Diabetic desserts..
Note: Get a recipe of the week recommended by Diabetes Australia-NSW dietitians as a good option not only for people with diabetes, but for all Australians interested in a delicious and healthy meal and see also the yummy Dessert of the Month. http://www.diabetesnsw.com.au/living_well_with_diabetes_pages/recipe_of_the_week.asp
Have diabetes, will travel
Heading out of town? Leaving your troubles behind? Off on an important business trip? Whenever you travel, your diabetes makes the trip with you. While diabetes shouldn't stop you from traveling in style, you will need to do some careful planning. Here are some helpful diabetes travel tips from the National Diabetes Education Program:
• Get all your immunizations. Find out what's required for where you're going and make sure you get the right shots on time.
• Control your ABCs. See your healthcare provider for a checkup four to six weeks before your trip to make sure your alcohol, blood pressure and cholesterol are under control and in a healthy range before you leave.
• Ask your healthcare provider for a prescription and a letter explaining your diabetes medication, supplies and any allergies. Carry this with you at all times on your trip. The prescription should be for insulin or diabetes medications and could help in case of an emergency.
• Wear identification that explains you have diabetes. The identification should be written in the languages of the places you are visiting.
• Plan for time zone changes. Make sure you'll always know when to take your diabetes medicine, no matter where you are. Remember: eastward travel means a shorter day. If you inject insulin, less might be needed. Westward travel means a longer day, so more insulin might be needed.
• Find out how long the flight will be and whether meals will be served. However, you should always carry enough food to cover the entire flight time in case of delays or unexpected schedule changes.
• Take twice the amount of diabetes medication and supplies that you'd normally need. It's better to be safe than sorry.
• Keep your insulin cool by packing it in an insulated bag with refrigerated gel packs.
• If you use insulin, make sure you also pack a glucagon emergency kit.
• Make sure you keep your medical insurance card and emergency phone numbers handy.
• Don't forget to pack a first-aid kit with all the essentials.
• Plan to carry all your diabetes supplies in your carry-on luggage. Don't risk a lost suitcase.
• Have all syringes and insulin delivery systems (including vials of insulin) clearly marked with the pharmaceutical preprinted label that identifies the medications. The FAA recommends that patients travel with their original pharmacy labeled packaging.
• Keep your diabetes medications and emergency snacks with you at your seat. Don't store them in an overhead bin.
• If the airline offers a meal for your flight, call ahead for a diabetic, low-fat or low-cholesterol meal.
• Wait until your food is about to be served before you take your insulin. Otherwise, a delay in the meal could lead to low blood glucose.
• If no food is offered on your flight, bring a meal on board yourself.
• If you plan on using the restroom for insulin injections, ask for an aisle seat for
• Don't be shy about telling the flight attendant that you have diabetes, especially if you are traveling alone.
• When drawing up your dose of insulin, don't inject air into the bottle. The air on your plane will probably be pressurized.
• Because prescription laws can be very different in other countries, write for a list of International Diabetes Federation groups: IDF, 1 Reu de Faeqz, B-1000, Belgium, or visit www.idf.org. Get a list of English-speaking foreign doctors in case of an emergency. Contact the American Consulate, American Express or local medical schools for a list of doctors.
• Insulin in foreign countries comes in different strengths. If you purchase insulin in a foreign country, be sure to use the right syringe for the strength. An incorrect syringe might cause you to take too much or too little insulin.
ON THE ROAD
• Don't leave your medications in the trunk, glove compartment or near a window, where they might overheat. If possible, carry a cooler in the car to keep medications cool.
• Bring extra food with you in the car in case you can't find a restaurant.
GENERAL TRAVELING TIPS
• Stay comfortable and reduce your risk for blood clots by moving around every hour or two.
• Always tell at least one person traveling with you about your diabetes.
• Protect your feet. Never go barefoot in the shower or pool.
• Check your blood glucose often. Changes in diet, activity and time zones can affect your blood glucose in unexpected ways.
You might not be able to leave your diabetes behind, but you can control it and have a relaxing, safe trip. To learn more about controlling your diabetes, visit the National Diabetes Education Program at www.ndep.nih.gov.Note: type 2 diabetes is preceded by a condition known as pre-diabetes. With no usual symptoms and very little hint of what a type 2 diagnosis may mean, many persons fail to take heed, action and ignore important warning signs of diabetes.Here are some more recommended web sites:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Healthy Vision 2010
American Diabetes Association (ADA)
Juvenile Diabetes Foundation (JDF)
National Certification Board for Diabetes Educators (NCBDE)
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)These sites are provided for informational purposes only. The information here is not intended to diagnose or treat any condition, and should not replace the care and attention of qualified medical personnel. Use the information on these pages at your own risk, and, as with any information pertaining to health, nutrition, mental health, or fitness, consult your physician before making any changes that might affect your overall health.